The International Energy Agency (IEA) reports that U.S. CHP capacity growth has been slow since the late 2000s; however, 2012 saw the most new installed capacity since 2005, and interest in CHP in the U.S. is rising due to low natural gas prices, the return of manufacturing to the U.S., and growing awareness of the value of energy resiliency. District heating and cooling infrastructure in the U.S. has not had the same level of policy support as CHP systems, but nonetheless there has been significant deployment.
The U.S. Federal government has set a target of 40 GW of additional CHP capacity by 2020, which would mean an increase of nearly 50% from 2012 levels. Additionally, 34 states and the District of Columbia have incentives or regulations encouraging the deployment of CHP and DHC, though the approach is not integrated at a national level.
This IEA report provides information on the context for CHP and DHC development in the U.S., summarizes U.S. applications and trends for these technologies, discusses government initiatives for their deployment, and provides policy options that can be used to enhance this effort.
The report can be downloaded here: